Sigmund Freud developed Psychoanalysis. The form of work focuses mostly on an individual’s unconscious and deep-rooted thoughts that often have roots in childhood. Freud described various techniques amongst which free association and dream analysis are the most effective and commonly used techniques. Every symptom that an individual suffers from holds the key to vital truth about him. The way he lives his life including feelings of love, hate, likes, dislikes, what he cannot bear, what he wants every single thing has an answer in the deeper levels of consciousness. The analyst invites the subject to speak about what concerns him/her and in the process the client may begin understand and work on the sufferings. Clients can learn how to access and understand the unconscious material that may be at the core of the distress, difficulties, issues and concerns in certain specific or general functioning in life. In other words, deeply buried memories or experiences may have a profound effect on an individual’s overall functioning or certain specific aspects of feelings, behaviors or personality and psychoanalysis helps uncover them and gain a better understanding of them leading to relief over a significantly long period of time.
Psychoanalytic Therapy is based on Psychoanalysis. Like psychoanalysis, it also focuses on how an individual’s unconscious thoughts are influencing them. However, Psychoanalytic Therapy is usually less intensive than Psychoanalysis.
Psychodynamic Therapy evolved from Psychoanalytic Therapy and work on principles derived from Psychoanalysis. It seeks to discover how unconscious thoughts affect current behavior and then work on it by helping the client to overcome the issues and symptoms. Psychodynamic Therapy usually focuses on more immediate problems and attempts to provide a quicker solution than psychoanalytical therapy.